This goal is the international community which has made significant strides towards lifting people out of poverty. The most vulnerable nations, the least developed countries, the landlocked developing countries and the small island developing states which continue to make inroads into poverty reduction. However, inequality still persists and large disparities remain in access to health and education services and other assets.
There is growing consensus that economic growth is not sufﬁcient to reduce poverty if it is not inclusive and if it does not involve the three dimensions of sustainable development including economic, social and environmental, additionally, while income inequality between countries may have been reduced, inequality within countries has risen.
Policies should be universal in principle paying attention to the needs of disadvantaged and marginalized populations to reduce inequality,
Here are the details of SDG10 Reduced Inequalities according to the United Nations.
By 2030, progressively achieve and sustain income growth of the bottom 40 percent of the population at a rate higher than the national average
By 2030, empower and promote the social, economic and political inclusion of all, irrespective of age, sex, disability, race, ethnicity, origin, religion or economic or another status
Ensure equal opportunity and reduce inequalities of outcome, including by eliminating discriminatory laws, policies and practices and promoting appropriate legislation, policies and action in this regard
Adopt policies, especially fiscal, wage and social protection policies, and progressively achieve greater equality
Improve the regulation and monitoring of global financial markets and institutions and strengthen the implementation of such regulations
Ensure enhanced representation and voice for developing countries in decision-making in global international economic and financial institutions in order to deliver more effective, credible, accountable and legitimate institutions
Facilitate orderly, safe, regular and responsible migration and mobility of people, including through the implementation of planned and well-managed migration policies
Implement the principle of special and differential treatment for developing countries, in particular, least developed countries, in accordance with World Trade Organization agreements
Encourage official development assistance and financial flows, including foreign direct investment, to States where the need is greatest, in particular, least developed countries,
African countries, small island developing States and landlocked developing countries, in accordance with their national plans and programmes
By 2030, reduce to less than 3 percent the transaction costs of migrant remittances and eliminate remittance corridors with costs higher than 5 percent
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Sample data sets in Hong Kong: SDG10 Reduced Inequalities