[NEWS] Towards Eradication Of Child Labor

有人認為,童工有助於一些兒童確保他們擁有本來無法獲得的住所和食物。這些人傾向於把童工描繪成有益的。但是,這種觀點有悖於兩個重要問題。首先,童工對兒童生活的各個方面都有不利影響。童工對兒童的身心健康有重大影響。某些形式的勞動會對兒童的健康和福祉產生不利影響,往往對他們的健康產生永久性影響。當兒童在危險環境中工作時尤其如此。無法就業的兒童接受教育,否則這些教育將幫助他們建設更美好的未來。此外,勞動兒童往往無法獲得醫療護理以及他們可能需要的其他行為和認知援助。他們中的許多人成為虐待,勒索或更糟的受害者。其次,接受童工這種積極的態度忽視了那些經常迫使兒童在其發展的早期階段進行工作的條件。正如聯合國兒童基金會所確定的那樣,“童工加劇了代際之間的貧窮週期,破壞了國家經濟,阻礙了實現可持續發展目標(可持續發展目標)的進展。”

Some argue that child labor helps some children to ensure that they have shelter and food that would otherwise not be available to them. These people tend to paint child labor as beneficial. However, this view detracts from two important issues. First, child labor has an adverse effect on all aspects of children’s lives. Child labor has a significant effect on children’s mental and physical wellbeing. Some forms of labor will have a detrimental effect on the health and well-being of children, often having a permanent effect on their health. This is especially so where children work in hazardous environments. Children in employment are prevented from accessing education that would otherwise help them to build a better future. Furthermore, children in labor often do not have access to medical care and other behavioral and cognitive assistance they may require. Many of them become victims of abuse, extortion or worse. Second, such acceptance of child labor as positive neglects the conditions that often force children to undertake work at very early stages of their development. As UNICEF identifies, ‘child labor reinforces intergenerational cycles of poverty, undermines national economies and impedes achieving progress towards the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs).’

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